The international conflict that began around 2001 between the Taliban of Afghanistan and the US government has seen many turns over the last few months. In the last few days, the first week of September. About 120,000 people (Indians, US citizens, other nations, Afghanistan citizens, etc.) were evacuated safely from Afghanistan from the US military with Qatar’s help. There have been many speculations about how the Taliban will take control and form the Government.
To quash all the rumors, there was an announcement from the Taliban on Tuesday, September 7th, that it would form an interim government. China has called it an end of anarchy, which lasted for two decades and welcomed the new dispensation in Afghanistan, most needed to restore social and economic order in the war-torn country.
Earlier on September 3rd, the Taliban had offered China to form an inclusive Government, but later, China reconsidered this suggestion. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbing briefed the media on Wednesday that at this point, the decision to restore the domestic peace and order to track post-war reconstruction in Afghanistan is welcoming. He has reiterated to the current Taliban that the caretaker government formed needs to restore social and economic order in the country.
What China expects from the Taliban
If this takes place, China will respect the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Afghanistan. He also said that China’s support to Afghan people in choosing a developmental path would suit the country’s condition. If done independently, it is expected that the Taliban will have goodwill with other nations by establishing a broadly based inclusive political structure. They will have to follow moderate and prudent domestic as well as foreign policies.
On Wednesday, China has also announced $31 million (worth of grains, winter supplies, vaccines, and medicines as per its requirements) to aid Afghanistan (after the Taliban seized power in Kabul) to restore order. Wang also said that the Chinese embassy is still functional in the war-ravaged country and will continue to communicate with the new Government.
According to the latest news, Mullah Mohammad Hasan Akhund, the head of the Taliban’s decision-making body ‘Rehbari Shura’ has been named Afghanistan’s interim Prime Minister and Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, Chairman of Taliban’s Political Office in Doha and Mullah Abdus Salam, have been announced as Akhund’s deputies.
How other countries are reacting to the Taliban’s rule
China and Russia and Pakistan have been regularly engaging on the Afghan issue in recent weeks. Mr. Wang said China had a meeting with special representatives from Pakistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan under the Chairmanship from the Pakistani side. The countries exchanged views mainly on the situation in Afghanistan, cooperation among Afghanistan’s neighboring countries on Afghan-related affairs.
China also criticized the actions of the US, right from its invasion till its withdrawal process, blaming Americans for damaging Afghanistan’s people’s lives and properties. He stated over the last two decades, the intervention from the US military and imposing one’s ideology and values on others have devastated Afghanistan. With a new chapter in Afghanistan, people hope to get a new respected life without repeating the tragedy.